ARLP047 Propagation de K7RA:
November 19, 2004

Propagation Forecast Bulletin 47 ARLP047
>From Tad Cook, K7RA
Seattle, WA November 19, 2004
To all radio amateurs

ARLP047 Propagation de K7RA

Conditions calmed over the past week, with average daily sunspot numbers lower by over 35 points and average daily solar flux down over 28 points. November 11 and 12 were the last days with high geomagnetic activity, caused by intense solar wind streams which buffeted the earth recently. Currently those active areas of the sun are transiting our star's far side. Just two days ago a large sunspot, probably 693, was seen on the other side of the sun with a technique known as helioseismic holography. For more information on this method, see the web site, and

This weekend is the ARRL November SSB Sweepstakes. There is a possibility of aurora, but probably only at higher latitudes, nothing like recent sightings of northern lights as far south as Arizona. The predicted planetary A index for November 19-22 is 5, 12, 15 and 10. Predicted solar flux for the same period is 100, rising to 110 around November 22 and 120 the next day. Solar flux should peak for the near term near 135 around November 26-28.

Chip Margelli, K7JA, who wrote in last week's bulletin about aurora propagation wrote back to say he got a big overheated in all the excitement, and wrote heliopause when he meant to say Harang Discontinuity.

Chip writes:

"Either side of the Harang Discontinuity seems to have some very dynamic possibilities during extreme geomagnetic events like we just experienced. Around the Harang Discontinuity, you get very interesting propagation shifts, between AU-E and straight E or F2 propagation. This would account, I believe, for the rapidly-changing reports of signal quality, especially from Northern California (where one guy would report KH6SX solid, direct path, with no AU sound, and five minutes later someone would report heavy aurora distortion and a more northerly path)."

If you are wondering like I was what a Harang Discontinuity could be, check out the web sites,, and

In some late aurora news, Lefty Clement, K1TOL in Turner, Maine said he had a tremendous thrill on November 7 when he worked OZ4VV and MM0AMW on 6 meters. This is only the third time in 30 years on 6 meters that he has worked Europe via Auroral-E skip without the assistance of the F2 layer. The OZ QSO was his furthest yet. He was also hearing European commercial television signals S9, and heard via a European chat cluster that G4IGO and an SM6 heard him for a five minute period.

If you would like to comment or have a tip, email the author at,

For more information concerning propagation and an explanation of the numbers used in this bulletin see the ARRL Technical Information Service propagation page at,

Sunspot numbers for November 11 through 17 were 70, 52, 50, 69, 57, 46 and 59 with a mean of 57.6. 10.7 cm flux was 94.9, 97.4, 96.4, 100.3, 105.6, 108.4 and 104.9, with a mean of 101.1. Estimated planetary A indices were 23, 30, 8, 9, 3, 8 and 6, with a mean of 12.4. Estimated mid-latitude A indices were 22, 23, 7, 7, 2, 5 and 7, with a mean of 10.4.